Joints of the human body

Joints allow our bodies to move in many ways. Fixed joints Some of your joints, like those in your skull, are fixed and don't allow any movement. The most common type of joint, the synovial joint, features a fluid-filled space between smooth cartilage pads at the end of articulating bones.

What Are the Different Joints in the Human Body?

At the top of the spine, the atlas and axis form a pivot joint that allows for rotation of the head. The voluntary Joints of the human body are regulated by the parts of the brain known as the cerebral motor cortex and the cerebellum.

Between the articulations of fibrous joints is thick connective tissue, which is why most but not all fibrous joints are immovable synarthroses.

Atlas - Main joints

Growing Bones Bone-building continues throughout life, as a body constantly renews and reshapes the bones' living tissue. The involuntary muscles are controlled by structures deep within the brain and the upper part of the spinal cord called the brain stem.

Repetitive stress injuries RSIs. Ball and socket joints, like your hip and shoulder joints, are the most mobile type of joint in the human body. If the fracture is complicated, metal pins and plates can be placed to better stabilize it while the bone heals.

Some joints open and close like a hinge such as knees and elbowswhereas others allow for more complicated movement — a shoulder or hip joint, for example, allows for backward, forward, sideways, and rotating movement. Bad habits such as cracking joints may also lead to joint pain and joint swelling.

Types of Joints

The synovial joints are the most flexible types of joints in the human body. An example of a symphysis joint is the pubic symphysis formed where the bottom of the left and right pelvic bones meet.

The tendon and tendon sheath become inflamed, which can be painful. Gliding joints, such as the ones between the carpals of the wrist, are found where bones meet as flat surfaces and allow for the bones to glide past one another in any direction. They allow you to swing your arms and legs in many different directions.

The ball and socket joint occurs between a bone ending in a ball shape and another concave bone. Classification According to Movement Imparted Ball and Socket Joints shoulders and hips Hinge Joints knees and ulna of the elbows Condyloid Joints jaw and fingers Gliding Joints spine, wrists and ankles Pivot Joints neck and radius of elbows Saddle Joints thumbs Fibrous Joints sutures, syndesmoses and gomphosis Cartilaginous Joints synchondroses and symphyses Synovial Joints wrist carpals, acromioclavicular joint, elbow area between humerus and ulna, Atlanto-axial joint, proximal radio-ulnar joint, distal radio-ulnar joint, wrist joint, carpometacarpal thumb joint, Glenohumeral shoulder joint, hip joint, sternoclavicular joint, knee-joint Classification According to Function Synarthrosis allow very limited or no mobility such as gomphosis, synostoses and synchondrosis; mostly fibrous joints.

Although the condition usually affects older people, kids and teens with eating disorders can get the condition, as can girls with female athlete triad syndrome — a combination of three conditions that some girls who exercise or play sports may be at risk for: Sprains, on the other hand, are usually the result of an injury, such as twisting an ankle or knee.

The hips and shoulders have this type of joint, in which the round end of a long bone fits into the hollow of another bone.

Synovial membrane lining the capsule produces the oily synovial fluid that lubricates the joint and reduces friction and wear. But 3—5 people out of 1, have scoliosis, which causes the spine to curve too much. It can be hereditary, so someone who has scoliosis often has family members who have it.

Joints In the Body

The limited motion at hinge joints provides for more strength and reinforcement from the bones, muscles, and ligaments that make up the joint. The motor cortex on the right side of the brain controls the muscles on the left side of the body and vice versa.

If you want to lift your arm, your brain sends a message to the muscles in your arm and you move it. Ligaments help provide their stability and muscles contract to produce movement.

When you run, the messages to the brain are more involved, because many muscles have to work in rhythm. Repetitive stress injuries RSIs. Skeletal muscle is attached to bone, mostly in the legs, arms, abdomen, chest, neck, and face.

Cartilage, a flexible, rubbery substance in our joints, supports bones and protects them where they rub against each other.

Types of Joints

If you want to lift your arm, your brain sends a message to the muscles in your arm and you move it. A common sprain injury is a torn Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel.

White blood cells help the body fight infection. Cartilaginous joints are made of a band of cartilage that binds bones together. If you wiggle your fingers, you can see the tendons on the back of your hand move as they do their work.

If you wiggle your fingers, you can see the tendons on the back of your hand move as they do their work. When we smile and talk, muscles help us communicate, and when we exercise, they help us stay physically fit and healthy. The knee is an example of a compound joint that allows three or more bones to move together.

Skeletal muscle is attached to bone, mostly in the legs, arms, abdomen, chest, neck, and face.Joints, also known as articulations, are strong connections that join the bones, teeth, and cartilage of the body to one another.

Each joint is specialized in its shape and structural components to control the range of motion between the parts that it connects. A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

They are constructed to. Feb 12,  · Ball and socket joints, like your hip and shoulder joints, are the most mobile type of joint in the human body. They allow you to swing your arms and legs in many different directions. Visible Body provides free 3D models of the human skeleton: PC, Mac, and iPhone/iPad.

Information on joint replacement from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. A table from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences that lists all.

Synovial Joints. Synovial (diarthrosis): Synovial joints are by far the most common classification of a joint within the human body. They are highly moveable and all have a synovial capsule (collagenous structure) surrounding the entire joint, a synovial membrane (the inner layer of the capsule) which secretes synovial fluid (a lubricating.

A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

Bones, Muscles, and Joints

[1] [2] [3] They are constructed to allow for different degrees and types of movement.

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Joints of the human body
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